Russia, officially known as the Russian Federation, is the world’s largest country, spanning over Eastern Europe and northern Asia. When planning a vacation in Russia it’s very hard to decide which city to focus on. Saint Petersburg is one of the world’s most beautiful city, offering incredible architecture and history; while Moscow is well known for its Red Square. Vladivostok is famous for being the terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway.
Most non-CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) nationals must have a visa to enter the country. It is advisable to start the visa obtaining process two months prior to departure. For EU-Schengen countries nationals, the visa costs €35 and should take only 3 days to be issued.
Moscow and Saint Petersburg are the two most important gateways into the country. The capital, Moscow, is served by three major airports: Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO), Domodedovo International Airport (DME) and Vnukovo International Airport (VKO). It is the main hub in the country, receiving flights from all over the world.
Domodedovo International Airport (DME) is located 42 km south of Moscow’s center. It is the largest airport in Russia in terms of passenger traffic. It is hub for the following airlines: S7 Airlines, Transaero Airlines, VIM Airlines, Globus Airlines, Region Avia Airlines, RusLine and Moskovia Airlines. It receives direct flights from Europe, Middle East, Asia, Africa and North America. It also handles domestic traffic.
Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO) is located 29 km north west of central Moscow and is hub for the following airlines: Aeroflot , Avianova (Russia), Nordavia and Nordwind Airlines. It receives flights from Europe, Asia, North America, Central America, Middle East and Africa. It also handles domestic traffic.
Vnukovo International Airport (VKO) is located 28 km southwest from Moscow’s center. It is the oldest airport serving Moscow. Currently, it handles domestic and international flights , particularly from the Middle East and Europe.
Pulkovo Airport (LED) is located 20 km from the city center of Saint Petersburg. It serves as a hub for Rossiya Airlines and a focus city for Nordavia. It receives both domestic and international flights, especially from Europe, Middle East and Asia.
Airlines that fly to Russia
Russia is a large country with many airlines offering services into the international airports. It is impossible to list them all, but here are some of the most important:
- Aegean Airlines – Europe (Greece)
- Aeroflot – Europe (Germany, Turkey, UK , Cyprus, Italy, France, Czech Rep., Greece, Netherlands, Romania, Spain, Hungary), Asia (India, Japan, Vietnam, Hong Kong), Central America (Cuba), North America (USA), Middle East (Israel, EAU), Africa (Egypt)
- Air Berlin – Europe (Germany)
- Air China – Asia (China)
- Air France – Europe (France)
- Alitalia – Europe (Italy)
- BMI – Europe (UK)
- British Airways – Europe (UK)
- Cathay Pacific – Asia (Hong Kong)
- Delta Air Lines – North America (USA)
- EgyptAir – Africa (Egypt)
- Emirates – Middle East (EAU)
- KLM – Europe (Netherlands)
- Iberia – Europe (Spain)
- Lufthansa – Europe (Germany)
- Malev – Europe (Hungary)
- Royal Air Maroc – Africa (Morocco)
- S7 Airlines – Europe (Spain, Turkey, Germany, Ireland)
- Singapore Airlines – North America (USA), Asia (Singapore)
- TAP Portugal – Europe (Portugal)
- Thai Airways International – Asia (Thailand)
- Turkish Airlines – Europe (Turkey)
- United Airlines – North America (USA)
- Vueling Airlines – Europe (Spain)